Déclaration de Montréal sur l’exploitation animale

«Parce que l’exploitation animale nuit aux animaux sans nécessité, elle est foncièrement injuste», estiment les signataires.
Photo: Denis Charlet Agence France-Presse «Parce que l’exploitation animale nuit aux animaux sans nécessité, elle est foncièrement injuste», estiment les signataires.

Nous sommes des chercheurs et des chercheuses en philosophie morale et politique. Nos travaux s’inscrivent dans des traditions philosophiques diverses, et nous sommes rarement tous du même avis. Nous nous accordons toutefois quant à la nécessité de transformer en profondeur nos relations avec les autres animaux. Nous condamnons l’ensemble des pratiques qui supposent le traitement des animaux comme des choses ou des marchandises.

Dans la mesure où elle implique des violences et des dommages non nécessaires, nous déclarons que l’exploitation animale est injuste et moralement indéfendable.

En éthologie et en neurobiologie, il est bien établi que les mammifères, les oiseaux, les poissons et de nombreux invertébrés sont sentients, c’est-à-dire capables de ressentir du plaisir, de la douleur et des émotions. Ces animaux sont des sujets conscients ; ils ont leur propre point de vue sur le monde qui les entoure. Il s’ensuit qu’ils ont des intérêts : nos comportements affectent leur bien-être et sont susceptibles de leur faire du bien ou du mal. Lorsque nous blessons un chien ou un cochon, lorsque nous maintenons en captivité un poulet ou un saumon, lorsque nous tuons un veau pour sa chair ou un vison pour sa peau, nous contrevenons gravement à ses intérêts les plus fondamentaux.

Pourtant, tous ces dommages pourraient être évités. Il est évidemment possible de s’abstenir de porter du cuir, d’assister à des corridas et à des rodéos ou de montrer aux enfants des lions enfermés dans des parcs zoologiques. La plupart d’entre nous peuvent d’ores et déjà nous passer d’aliments d’origine animale tout en restant en bonne santé, et le développement futur d’une économie végane rendra cela plus facile encore. D’un point de vue politique et institutionnel, il est possible de cesser de voir les animaux comme de simples ressources à notre disposition.

Le fait que ces individus ne soient pas membres de l’espèce Homo sapiens n’y change rien : s’il semble naturel de penser que les intérêts des animaux comptent moins que les intérêts comparables des êtres humains, cette intuition spéciste ne résiste pas à un examen attentif. Toutes choses égales par ailleurs, l’appartenance à un groupe biologique (qu’il soit délimité par l’espèce, la couleur de peau ou le sexe) ne peut justifier des inégalités de considération ou de traitement.

Il existe des différences entre les êtres humains et les autres animaux, tout comme il en existe entre les individus au sein des espèces. Certaines capacités cognitives sophistiquées donnent certes lieu à des intérêts particuliers, qui peuvent à leur tour justifier des traitements particuliers. Mais les capacités d’un individu à composer des symphonies, à faire des calculs mathématiques avancés ou à se projeter dans un avenir lointain, aussi admirables soient-elles, n’influent pas sur la considération due à son intérêt à ressentir du plaisir et à ne pas souffrir. Les intérêts des plus intelligents parmi nous n’importent pas davantage que les intérêts équivalents de ceux qui le sont moins. Soutenir l’inverse reviendrait à hiérarchiser les individus en fonction d’une faculté n’ayant aucune pertinence morale. Une telle attitude capacitiste serait moralement indéfendable.

Il est en somme difficile d’échapper à cette conclusion : parce que l’exploitation animale nuit aux animaux sans nécessité, elle est foncièrement injuste. Il est donc essentiel d’oeuvrer à sa disparition, en visant notamment la fermeture des abattoirs, l’interdiction de la pêche et le développement d’une agriculture végétale. Nous ne nous faisons pas d’illusions : un tel projet ne sera pas réalisé à court terme. Il requiert en particulier de renoncer à des habitudes spécistes bien ancrées et de transformer en profondeur certaines de nos institutions. La fin de l’exploitation animale nous apparaît toutefois comme l’unique horizon collectif à la fois réaliste et juste pour les non-humains.

* La liste complète des signataires (en date du 3 octobre) :

Elisa Aaltola, Senior Research Fellow, University of Turku, Finland

 

Cheryl Abbate, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Nevada, Las Vegas

 

Ralph Acampora, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Hofstra University

 

Carol Adams, Author, The Sexual Politics of Meat, Independent scholar

 

Karim Akerma, Doctor, Independant

 

Frauke Albersmeier, Researcher in Animal Ethics, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany

 

Sandra Alexander, Assistant Professor of Humanities, American University in Dubai

 

Michael Allen, Professor, East Tennessee State University

 

Ozan Altan Altinok, Post Doctoral Researcher in Philosophy and Ethics of Science in Practice, Center for Ethics and Law in Life Sciences, Leibniz University of Hannover

 

Bertha Alvarez Manninen, Professor of Philosophy, Arizona State University

 

Carlo Alvaro, Associate Professor of Philosophy, CUNY

 

Mahesh Ananth, Professor of Philosophy, Indiana University

 

Dave Anctil,chercheur en technophilosophie, Observatoire international sur l’IA et le numérique (OBVIA, Université Laval)

 

Jacy Reese Anthis, Sociologist, co-founder of the Sentience Institute, Sentience Institute

 

Françoise Armengaud, docteur en philosophie, ex-maître de conférences, Université Paris Nanterre

 

Michael Ashooh, Lecturer, University of Vermont

 

Nikolaos Asproulis, Academic Associate, Volos Academy for Theological Studies, Greece

 

Peter Atterton, Professor of Philosophy, San Diego State University

 

Robin Attfield, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, Cardiff University

 

Iván Darío Ávila Gaitán, Postdoctoral Researcher in Animal Ethics, Universidad Nacional de Colombia — ILECA — CIFECT

 

Christiane Bailey, coordonnatrice, Centre de justice sociale, Université Concordia

 

Normand Baillargeon, philosophie de l’éducation

 

Liv Baker, Animal Behavior and Wellbeing Scientist, Hunter College, CUNY

 

Jonathan Balcombe, Author on animal sentience, Self-affiliated

 

Anne Baril, Lecturer in Philosophy, Washington University in St. Louis

 

Jeremy Barris, Professor in Philosophy, Marshall University

 

Robert Bass, Adjunct Full Professor, University of North Carolina at Pembroke

 

Piers Beirne, Emeritus Professor of Sociology and Legal Studies and Author, University of Southern Maine, USA

 

Sofia Belardinelli, PhD Student in Environmental Ethics, University of Naples Federico II

 

Jeremy Bendik-Keymer, Professor of Philosophy, Case Western Reserve University

 

Amélie Benedikt, Professor in Ethics, Texas State University

 

Rod Bennison, Independent Scholar, Chair and Founder Minding Animals International

 

Paige Benton, Researcher in AI Ethics and Moral and Political Philosophy, University of Pretoria, South Africa

 

Brian Berkey, Associate Professor, University of Pennsylvania

 

John Berkman, Professor of Moral Theology, Regis College, University of Toronto

 

Justin Bernstein, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

 

Asha Bhandary, Political Philosopher / Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Iowa

 

Faith Bjalobok, Professor of Philosophy, Duquesne University

 

Charlotte Blattner, Senior Lecturer and Researcher, Institute for Public Law, University of Bern, Switzerland

 

Olle Blomberg, Researcher in Practical Philosophy, University of Gothenburg

 

Chris Bobonich, CI Lewis Professor of Philosophy, Stanford University

 

Alcino Eduardo Bonella, Professor of Ethics, University of Uberlândia, Brazil

 

Julia Borcherding, Associate Professor, University of Cambridge

 

Leonie N. Bossert, Animal ethicist, University of Tübingen

 

Mylène Botbol-Baum, professeure de philosophie et de bioéthique, Université catholique de Louvain

 

Chiara Bottici, Associate Professor in Philosophy, The New School

 

Michel Bourban, chercheur en éthique et en philosophie politique, University of Warwick

 

Bernice Bovenkerk, Associate Professor of Animal and Environmental Ethics, Wageningen University

 

Philip Brey, Full Professor in Philosophy and Ethics of Technology, University of Twente

 

Nicole Broadbent, Researcher on wildlife Ethics and conservation, University of Johannesburg

 

David G. Brooks, Associate Professor (Honorary), University of Sydney

 

Teya Brooks Pribac, Researcher in Animal Subjectivity, Independent

 

Huub Brouwer, Assistant Professor of Ethics and Political Philosophy, Tilburg University

 

Etienne Brown, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, San Jose State University

 

Heather Browning, Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Southampton

 

Florence Burgat, directrice de recherche, Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement, France

 

Nick Byrd, Philosopher and Scientist, Stevens Institute of Technology

 

Philip Cafaro, Professor of Philosophy, Colorado State University

 

Matthew Calarco, Professor, California State University

 

Cheshire Calhoun, Professor of Philosophy, Arizona State University

 

Paco Calvo, Professor of Philosophy of Science, Universidad de Murcia

 

Douglas Campbell, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, Researcher of Human Altruism, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

 

Deborah Cao, Professor in Animal Law and Ethics, Griffith University, Australia

 

Silvia Caprioglio Panizza, Marie Skłodowska-Curie Researcher in Ethics, University of Pardubice

 

Adam Cardilini, Lecturer in Environmental Science, Deakin University

 

Erik Carlson, Professor in practical Philosophy, Uppsala University

 

Petra Carlsson Redell, Professor, Stockholm School of Theology

 

Paula Casal, Full Professor, ICREA and Pompeu Fabra University

 

Jodey Castricano, Professor Critical Animal Studies, University of British Columbia

 

Amandine Catala, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)

 

Lucius Caviola, Researcher in Moral Psychology, Harvard University

 

Jonathan Chen, Instructor in Ethics/Philosophy, Sacramento State University

 

Andrew Chignell, Professor in Human Values, Philosophy, and Religion, Princeton University

 

Ryoa Chung, co-directrice du Centre de recherche en éthique / professeure titulaire de philosophie, Université de Montréal

 

Chris Ciocchetti, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Centenary College of Louisiana

 

Mich Ciurria, Crip Feminist Philosopher, University of Missouri-St. Louis

 

Stephen R.L. Clark, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, University of Liverpool

 

Dale Clark, Researcher in Ethics and Epistemology, University of South Dakota

 

Alasdair Cochrane, Professor of Political Theory, University of Sheffield

 

Yolandi M. Coetser, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, North West University, South Africa

 

Simon Coghlan, Senior Lecturer in AI and Digital Ethics, The University of Melbourne

 

Mara-Daria Cojocaru, Doctor in Philosophy, Munich School of Philosophy

 

Peter Cole, Associate Professor Indigenous and Ecojustice Education, University of British Columbia

 

Raffaella Colombo, Researcher in Moral Philosophy, Università degli Studi di Milano

 

Gary Comstock, Alumni Distinguished Undergraduate Professor, North Carolina State University

 

Sophia Connell, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, Birkbeck College, University of London

 

Steve Cooke, Associate Professor of Political Theory, University of Leicester

 

Guillaume Coqui, maître de conférences en philosophie moderne et contemporaine, Université de Bourgogne

 

Raymond Corbey, Professor of Philosophy of Science and Anthropology, Leiden University

 

Frédéric Côté-Boudreau, enseignant en philosophie au collégial, Collège de Maisonneuve

 

Jackson Coy, Philosopher, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

 

Alice Crary, University Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, New School for Social Research

 

Simon Cushing, Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Michigan-Flint

 

Jennifer Daigle, PhD Candidate in Philosophy, Yale University

 

Anya Daly, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy and Ethics, University of Tasmania

 

Emilie Dardenne, maîtresse de conférences en études anglophones et animal studies, Université Rennes 2

 

Ben Davies, Research Fellow, University of Oxford

 

Gabriele De Angelis, Researcher in Political Theory, NOVA University of Lisbon

 

Ramiro De Ávila Peres, Researcher in Political Philosophy, NOVA University of Lisbon

 

Brenda De Groot, Researcher in Primatology and Critical Animal Studies, Leiden University

 

David DeGrazia, Elton Professor of Philosophy, George Washington University

 

Konstantin Deininger, Doctoral Candidate in Animal Ethics and Moral Philosophy, University of Vienna

 

Nicolas Delon, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Environmental Studies, New College of Florida

 

Lara Denis, Professor of Philosophy, Agnes Scott College

 

Tristan Derham, Associate Researcher, University of Tasmania

 

Evgeniy Derzhivitskyi, Philosophical Sciences, PhD, Associate Professor at the Department of Ethics, Saint Petersburg State University

 

Philippe Devienne, docteur en philosophie, D.M. Vétérinaire, Paris-Sorbonne, ENV Alfort

 

Annalisa Di Mauro, Research Fellow in Moral Philosophy, University of Genoa and member of EtApp (Laboratory for Applied Ethics Research)

 

Jonathan H. Dickstein, Assistant Professor in Religion, Carleton College

 

Paulette Dieterlen, Researcher at Institute on Philosophical Research, National University of Mexico

 

Peter Dietsch, Professor, University of Victoria

 

Susan Dimock, Professor of Philosophy and University Professor, York University

 

Vitor Manuel Dinis Pereira, Researcher, LanCog, Centre of Philosophy, University of Lisbon

 

Tyler Doggett, Professor of Philosophy, University of Vermont

 

Daniel A. Dombrowski, Professor of Philosophy, Seattle University

 

Brianne Donaldson, Associate Professor, University of California, Irvine

 

Marie-Josée Drolet, Full Professor and Ethicist, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières

 

Jan Dutkiewicz, Postdoctoral Fellow, Swiss National Science Foundation

 

Heather Eaton, Full Professor, Saint Paul University, Ottawa

 

Rainer Ebert, International Research Associate, University of Dar es Salaam

 

William Edelglass, Moral Philosophy, Emerson College and the Barre Center for Buddhist Studies

 

Mylan Engel Jr, Professor of Philosophy, Northern Illinois University

 

Erno Eskens, Philosopher, Independent

 

Diego Exposito, PhD Candidate in Moral and Political Philosophy, The University of Sheffield

 

Catia Faria, Assistant Professor / Researcher in Animal Ethics, Complutense University of Madrid

 

Manuel Fasko, Researcher in History of Philosophy, University Basel

 

Luc Faucher, professeur, Département de philosophie, Université du Québec à Montréal

 

Andrew Fenton, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Dalhousie University

 

Giuseppe Feola, Researcher in History of Ancient Philosophy and Science, University D’Annunzio, Italy

 

Laura Fernández, PhD in Communication, researcher in Critical Animal Studies, Centre for Animal Ethics, Universitat Pompeu Fabra

 

Juan Antonio Fernández Manzano, Researcher in Political Philosophy, Complutense University of Madrid

 

Estelle Ferrarese, professeure de philosophie morale et politique, Université de Picardie-Jules Verne

 

Arianna Ferrari, Senior Researcher, Independent scholar

 

Andrew Fiala, Professor of Philosophy, California State University, Fresno

 

Carrie Figdor, Professor, University of Iowa

 

Iskra Fileva, Professor of Philosophy, University of Colorado, Boulder

 

Sascha Benjamin Fink, Junior Professor for NeuroPhilosophy, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg

 

Stephen Finlay, Professor of Moral Philosophy, Australian Catholic University

 

Bob Fischer, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Texas State University

 

Corrado Fizzarotti, Researcher in Environmental Ethics, National Research Council of Italy

 

Will Fleisher, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Georgetown University

 

Leticia Flores Farfán, Researcher, National Autonomous University of Mexico

 

Lisa Forsberg, Research Fellow, University of Oxford

 

Björn Freter, Lecturer, SOAS University of London

 

Katy Fulfer, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Gender & Social Justice, researcher in bioEthics and animal Ethics, University of Waterloo

 

Elisa Galgut, Philosophy Professor, University of Cape Town

 

Dmitri Gallow, Senior Research Fellow, Dianoia Institute of Philosophy, Australian Catholic University

 

Harold Gamble, Emeritus Philosophy Teacher, Colorado State University

 

Andrea Gammon, Assistant Professor, Ethics & Philosophy of Technology, TU Delft

 

Molly Gardner, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Florida

 

Gabriel Garmendia Da Trindade, Lecturer in Philosophy, Federal Institute of Rio Grande do Sul (IFRS, campus Ibirubá)

 

Aaron Garrett, Professor of Philosophy, Boston University

 

Léon Gatien, chercheur en éthique animale et philosophie décoloniale, Université de Sherbrooke

 

Benjamin Ghasemi, Postdoctoral Fellow, Colorado State University

 

Martin Gibert, chercheur en éthique de l’IA, Université de Montréal

 

William Gildea, Researcher in Philosophy, University of Warwick

 

Sven Gins, PhD Researcher, University of Groningen

 

William-Philippe Girard, PhD Student, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières

 

Valéry Giroux, chercheuse en éthique animale, Université de Montréal

 

Ian Gold, Professor of Philosophy, McGill University

 

Anahí Gabriela González, Doctora en Filosofía, Profesora Titular de Ética, Universidad Nacional de San Juan, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Instituto Latinoamericano de Estudios Críticos Animales

 

John Goris, PhD Candidate in Animal Ethics, Macquarie University

 

Jennifer Greenwood, Honorary Research Fellow, University of Queensland

 

Lori Gruen, William Griffin Professor of Philosophy / Coordinator of Wesleyan Animal Studies, Wesleyan University

 

Allen Habib, Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Calgary

 

John Hadley, Senior Lecturer, Western Sydney University

 

Thilo Hagendorff, Researcher in AI Ethics, University of Tübingen

 

Simon Hailwood, Professor of Philosophy, University of Liverpool

 

Ishtiyaque Haji, Professor of Philosophy, University of Calgary

 

Austen Hall, PhD Candidate, Yale University

 

Matthew C. Halteman, Professor of Philosophy, Calvin University

 

Naïma Hamrouni, professeure en philosophie, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières

 

Étienne Harnad, professeur de psychologie, Université du Québec à Montréal

 

Gerald Harrison, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, Massey University

 

Victoria Harrison, Full Professor and Head of Department, University of Macau

 

Ronnie Hawkins, Environmental philosopher, University of Central Florida (retired)

 

Richard Healey, Associate Lecturer, University College London

 

Yogi Hendlin, Assistant Professor of Environmental Philosophy, Erasmus University Rotterdam

 

Blake Hereth, Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Massachusetts, Lowell

 

Alejandro Herrera, Researcher in Animal and Environmental Ethics (retired), National University of Mexico

 

Claudia Hogg-Blake, Humanities Teaching Fellow, University of Chicago

 

Benjamin Hole, Contingent Faculty, Pacific University

 

Daniel Hooley, Doctor, Capilano University

 

Kai Horsthemke, Professor and Researcher in Animal Ethics and Animal Rights Education, University of the Witwatersrand

 

Oscar Horta, Faculty of Philosophy, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

 

Chris Howard, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, McGill University

 

Michael Huemer, Professor of Philosophy, University of Colorado

 

Rebekah Humphreys, Specialist in animal Ethics, University of Wales Trinity St David

 

James Humphries, Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Glasgow

 

Mark Hunyadi, professeur de philosophie morale et politique, Université catholique de Louvain, Belgique

 

Ramona Ilea, Professor of Philosophy & Department Chair, Pacific University

 

Patricia Illingworth, Professor, Northeastern University

 

David Ingram, Professor of Philosophy, Loyola University Chicago

 

Ruth Irwin, Professor of Education, RMIT University, Melbourne

 

Alison M. Jaggar, Professor Emerita, Philosophy and Women & Gender Studies, University of Colorado at Boulder

 

Pankaj Jain, Professor, FLAME University

 

Simon James, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Durham University

 

Andrew Jampol-Petzinger, Visiting Assistant Professor, Grand Valley State University

 

François Jaquet, Lecturer in Philosophy, Université de Strasbourg

 

Anja Jauernig, Professor of Philosophy, New York University

 

Kathie Jenni, Professor of Philosophy, University of Redlands

 

Sofia M. I. Jeppsson, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Umeå University, Sweden

 

Diane Jeske, Professor of Philosophy, University of Iowa

 

Alexander Jeuk, Independent author and researcher

 

Kyle Johannsen, Philosophy Instructor, Trent University

 

Jane Johnson, Field philosopher, Macquarie University

 

L Syd Johnson, Associate Professor, SUNY Upstate Medical University

 

Drew Johnson, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Oslo

 

Robert Jones, Associate Professor of Philosophy, California State University

 

Jeff Jordan, Professor of Philosophy, University of Delaware

 

Hrvoje Juric, Full Professor of Ethics and BioEthics, University of Zagreb

 

Richard Kahn, Core Faculty in Education, Ed.D. in Educational and Professional Practice, Antioch University

 

Gerasimos Kakoliris, Associate Professor in Contemporary Continental Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

 

Julius Kapembwa, Lecturer in Philosophy and Applied Ethics, University of Zambia

 

Bhanuraj Kashyap, PhD Candidate, Macquarie University

 

Joel Kassiola, Professor of Political Science, San Francisco State University

 

Tristan Katz, Researcher in Animal and Environmental Ethics, University of Fribourg

 

Jason Kawall, Carl Benton Straub’58 Endowed Chair in Culture and the Environment, Colgate University

 

Lisa Kemmerer, Professor Emeritus, Montana State University ; Tapestry

 

Jozef Keulartz, Emeritus Professor Environmental Philosophy, Radboud University

 

David Killoren, Assistant Professor, Koc University

 

Roland Kipke, Researcher in Ethics and Political Philosophy, Bielefeld University

 

Philip Kitcher, John Dewey Professor of Philosophy Emeritus, Columbia University

 

Andrew Knight, Professor of Animal Welfare and Ethics, University of Winchester

 

Daniel Z. Korman, Professor of Philosophy, University of California, Santa Barbara

 

Magdalena Kozhevnikova, Researcher in Animal Ethics, Warsaw University

 

Visa A. J. Kurki, Associate Professor of Jurisprudence, University of Helsinki

 

Olena Kushyna, PhD Student in Ethics, Centre for Ethics as Study in Human Value, University of Pardubice

 

Oskari Kuusela, Associate Professor in Philosophy, University of East Anglia

 

Mickaël Labbé, maître de conférences en esthétique et philosophie de l’art, Université de Strasbourg

 

Bernd Ladwig, Professor for Political Theory and Philosophy, Freie Universität Berlin

 

Hugh LaFollette, Emeritus Cole Chair in Ethics and Professor of Philosophy, University of South Florida

 

Arto Laitinen, Professor of Social Philosophy, Tampere University

 

Andy Lamey, Associate Teaching Professor, University of California, San Diego

 

Igor Larionov, Associate Professor, Philosophical Sciences, PhD, Head of Philosophical Anthropology Department, Saint Petersburg State University

 

Renan Larue, professeur de littérature, Université de Californie à Santa Barbara

 

Noa Latham, Associate Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, University of Calgary

 

Megan Jane Laverty, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Education, Teachers College, Columbia University

 

Andrew Lee, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Australian National University

 

Jonathan Leighton, Author, Ethicist and Executive Director of the Organisation for the Prevention of Intense Suffering (OPIS)

 

Ana Leite, Associate Professor in Social and Organisational Psychology, Durham University

 

Noa Levin, Researcher in Political Philosophy, Centre Marc Bloch, Berlin

 

Abigail Levin, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Niagara University

 

Neil Levy, Professor of Philosophy, Macquarie University

 

Fabiola Leyton Donoso, Researcher in BioEthics, University of Barcelona

 

Patrick Lin, Professor of Philosophy, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

 

Erich Linder, PhD Candidate in Animal Ethics, University of Vienna

 

Andrew Linzey, The Revd Professor, Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics

 

Clair Linzey, Deputy Director, Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics

 

David Lockwood, Researcher in Moral Philosophy, Cardiff University

 

Farhana Loonat, Department Chair, Political Science and Philosophy, Skagit Valley College

 

Mianna Lotz, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia

 

Michael Loughlin, Professor of Applied Philosophy, University of West London

 

Hilda Nely Lucano Ramírez, Professor and Researcher in Animal Ethics and Law, Universidad de Guadalajara

 

Simon Lumsden, Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

 

Joe Lynch, Professor of Philosophy, California Polytechnic State University

 

David Lyreskog, Researcher in NeuroEthics, University of Oxford

 

Joel MacClellan, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Loyola University New Orleans

 

Colin Macleod, Professor, University of Victoria

 

Jocelyn Maclure, professeur de philosophie, McGill University

 

Els Maeckelberghe, Associate Professor of Medical Ethics, University Medical Center Groningen

 

Pablo Magaña, PhD Student, Pompeu Fabra University

 

Filip Maj, Lecturer, Macquarie University

 

Elodie Malbois, Postdoctoral Researcher, Université de Genève

 

Alejandra Mancilla, Professor of Philosophy, University of Oslo

 

Moya Mapps, PhD Candidate, Yale Department of Philosophy

 

Joel Marks, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, University of New Haven

 

Angela Martin, Professeure assistante en éthique, Université de Bâle

 

Alma Massaro, Lecturer in Animal Ethics, Genoa University

 

Jeffrey M. Masson, Professor and Writer on animal emotions, University of Auckland

 

Bruce Maxwell, Researcher in education, University of Montreal

 

Joseph-Marie Mbonda, professeur et chercheur en éthique, Université des Montagnes, Bangangté, Cameroun

 

Joan McGregor, Professor of Philosophy, Arizona State University

 

Leemon McHenry, Professor Emeritus, California State University, Northridge

 

Erin McKenna, Professor of Philosophy, University of Oregon

 

Jeff McMahan, Sekyra and White’s Professor of Moral Philosophy, University of Oxford

 

Tristram McPherson, Professor of Philosophy, The Ohio State University

 

Eva Meijer, Researcher in Political Philosophy, University of Amsterdam

 

Garret Merriam, Associate Professor of Philosophy, California State University, Sacramento

 

Debra Merskin, Professor, University of Oregon

 

Heidi Mertes, Associate Professor in Medical Ethics, Ghent University

 

Thaddeus Metz, Professor of Philosophy, University of Pretoria

 

Letitia Meynell, Professor of Philosophy and Gender and Women’s Studies, Dalhousie University

 

Ricardo Miguel, Researcher in Animal Ethics, University of Lisbon

 

Emilian Mihailov, Researcher in Applied Ethics, University of Bucharest

 

Josh Milburn, Lecturer in Political Philosophy and British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow, Loughborough University

 

Becky Millar, Postdoctoral Researcher in Philosophy, University of York

 

Kristie Miller, Professor, The University of Sydney

 

Mayahuel Mojarro, PhD student, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

 

Susana Monsó, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia

 

Macarena Montes, Researcher in Animal Ethics and Law, Pompeu Fabra University

 

Nicolae Morar, Associate Professor of Environmental Studies and Philosophy, University of Oregon

 

Alexander Morgan, Assistant Professor, Rice University

 

Jeffrey Morgan, Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of the Fraser Valley

 

Brandon Morgan-Olsen, Advanced Lecturer in Philosophy, Loyola University Chicago

 

Nicola Mulkeen, Lecturer in Political Philosophy, Newcastle University

 

Nico Dario Müller, Postdoctoral Researcher in Ethics, University of Basel

 

Hichem Naar, Researcher in Philosophy, University of Duisburg-Essen

 

Carlos Naconecy, Researcher in Animal Ethics, Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics

 

Christian Nadeau, professeur en philosophie politique, Université de Montréal

 

Yamikani Ndasauka, Doctor, University of Malawi

 

Christina Nellist, President of Pan Orthodox Concern for Animals Charity, Fellow of Ferrater Mora Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics, Oxford UK

 

Nathan Nobis, Professor of Philosophy, Morehouse College

 

John Nolt, Professor Emeritus, Logic and Environmental Ethics, University of Tennessee

 

Alastair Norcross, Professor of Philosophy, University of Colorado Boulder

 

Christopher Norris, Professor of Philosophy, Cardiff University

 

Howard Nye, Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Alberta

 

Gary David O’Brien, DPhil Student in Philosophy, University of Oxford

 

Tim Oakley, Researcher in Ethics, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia

 

Tzofit Ofengenden, Doctor, Tulane University

 

Markku Oksanen, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Eastern Finland

 

Gustavo Ortiz Millan, Researcher in animal Ethics, National Autonomous University of Mexico

 

Maude Ouellette-Dube, Researcher in Ethics and Animal Ethics, University of Fribourg

 

Christine Overall, Professor Emerita of Philosophy and University Research Chair, Queen’s University at Kingston

 

Ibrahim Ozdemir, Professor of Philosophy and Ethics, President of Forum on Environmental Ethics, Uskudar University, Turkey

 

Burkay Ozturk, Senior Lecturer of Philosophy, Texas State University

 

Eze Paez, Beatriu de Pinós Postdoctoral Fellow, Pompeu Fabra University

 

Patricia Palulis, Associate Professor, University of Ottawa

 

Eleni Panagiotarakou, Researcher, Concordia University

 

Juliette Parada Rincón, Research in Animal Ethics, Universidad Santo Tomás, Colombia

 

Stephen Pattison, Emeritus Professor of Religion, Ethics and Practice, University of Birmingham

 

Wouter Peeters, Associate Professor of Global Ethics, University of Birmingham, UK

 

Corine Pelluchon, professeur de philosophie, Université Gustave Eiffel

 

David Pena-Guzman, Associate Professor, SFSU

 

Angie Pepper, Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Roehampton

 

Eoin Perry, PhD Student in Philosophy of Science, University of Bristol

 

Erik Persson, Researcher in applied Ethics, Lund University

 

Ingmar Persson, Professor of Philosophy, University of Gothenburg

 

Keith Peterson, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Colby College

 

Glen Pettigrove, Chair of Moral Philosophy, University of Glasgow

 

Silvina Pezzetta, Researcher in Animal Law and Animal Ethics, CONICET-Universidad de Buenos Aires

 

Benedetta Piazzesi, chercheuse en histoire et philosophie des sciences de la vie, CRH (EHESS, Paris)

 

Alexis Piquemal, enseignant, lycée Gustave Eiffel et Université de Bourgogne

 

Arina Pismenny, Associate Instructional Professor in Philosophy, University of Florida

 

Nigel Pleasants, Senior lecturer in Philosophy and Sociology, University of Exeter

 

Simone Pollo, Associate Professor of Moral Philosophy, Sapienza University of Rome

 

Veronica Ponce, Philosophy teacher, Marianopolis College, Canada

 

Elliot Porter, Lecturer in Bioethics, Brighton and Sussex Medical School

 

Constantinos Proimos, Doctor of Philosophy and Assistant Professor of History and Theory of Architecture, University of Patras, Greece

 

Evangelos Protopapadakis, Associate Professor in Applied Ethics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

 

Joëlle Proust, directrice de recherche émérite au CNRS, École normale supérieure de Paris

 

Alicia Puleo, Senior Lecturer in Moral and Political Philosophy, University of Valladolid

 

Stephen Puryear, Associate Professor of Philosophy, North Carolina State University

 

Pierre-Yves Quiviger, professeur de philosophie du droit, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

 

Ana Cristina Ramirez Barreto, Researcher in BioEthics, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo

 

Shyam Ranganathan, Faculty member, Department of Philosophy, and York Centre for Asian Research, York University

 

Vardit Ravitsky, Professor, University of Montreal

 

Hili Razinsky, Researcher, LanCog, Centre of Philosophy, University of Lisbon

 

Paul Redding, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, University of Sydney

 

Amy Reed-Sandoval, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Nevada Las Vegas

 

Philippe Reigné, agrégé des facultés de droit, professeur titulaire de chaire, Conservatoire national des arts et métiers

 

Tim Reijsoo, Philosopher, University of Amsterdam

 

Kurt Remele, Professor Emeritus in Ethics, University of Graz

 

Hannah Rheinz, Dr. Phil., Psychologist, Animal Ethicist, Independant

 

Samuel Rickless, Professor of Philosophy, University of California San Diego

 

Eduardo Rincón Higuera, Investigador en temas de Éticas Interespecie, Éticas Ecológicas y Ecosofías, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

 

Raffaele Rodogno, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Aarhus University

 

Luke Roelofs, Researcher in Philosophy, New York University

 

Chandler Rogers, Instructor, Boston College

 

Wendy Rogers, Distinguished Professor in Clinical Ethics, Macquarie University, Sydney

 

Simon Rosenqvist, Researcher in applied Ethics, Department of Global Political Studies, Malmö University

 

Mark Rowlands, Professor and Chair, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami

 

Alain Roy, professeur titulaire, Faculté de droit de l’Université de Montréal

 

Ricardo Rozzi, Professor in Environmental Ethics and Biocultural Conservation, Subantarctic Biocultural Conservation Program, Dep. Philosophy and Religion & Dep of Biological Sciences, University of North Texas, USA & Universidad de Magallanes, Chile

 

Emma Ruttkamp, Professor of Philosophy, researcher in AI Ethics, University of Pretoria & Centre for AI Research

 

Richard Ryder, PhD, Ex Cambridge, UK

 

Benjamin Sachs-Cobbe, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, University of St. Andrews

 

John Sanbonmatsu, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Worcester Polytechnic Institute

 

Steve Sapontzis, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, California State University, East Bay

 

Işık Sarıhan, Postdoctoral Researcher in Philosophy, Independent

 

Sahotra Sarkar, Professor of Philosophy and Integrative Biology, University of Texas

 

Carl Saucier-Bouffard, professeur

 

Hanno Sauer, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Utrecht University

 

Lara Scaglia, Researcher in History of Philosophy and Ethics, Warsaw University

 

Frank Schalow, Professor of Philosophy, University of New Orleans

 

Anders Schinkel, Associate Professor of Philosophy of Education, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands

 

Andreas Schmidt, Associate Professor in Political Philosophy, University of Groningen

 

Sebastian Schmidt, Postdoctoral researcher in Epistemology, University of Zurich

 

Friederike Schmitz, Philosopher in Animal Ethics, Independent scholar

 

Miriam Schoenfield, Associate Professor Philosophy, University of Texas

 

Vanessa Scholes, Applied philosopher and learning designer, Open Polytechnic Kuratini Tuwhera

 

Udo Schüklenk, Professor and Ontario Research Chair in BioEthics, Queen’s University

 

Marcus Schultz-Bergin, Assistant College Lecturer in Philosophy, Cleveland State University

 

Lucia Schwarz, Teaching Assistant Professor, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

 

Jeff Sebo, Clinical Associate Professor of Environmental Studies, Affiliated Professor of BioEthics, Medical Ethics, Philosophy, and Law, and Director of the Animal Studies M.A. Program, New York University

 

Jérôme Segal, maître de conférences en histoire et philosophie des sciences, Sorbonne Université, Paris

 

Dunja Šešelja, Professor, Ruhr University Bochum

 

Hilal Sezgin, Researcher in Animal Ethics, Lueneburg, Germany

 

Steven Shakespeare, Professor of Continental Philosophy of Religion, Liverpool Hope University

 

Hasana Sharp, Associate Professor of Philosophy, McGill University

 

Yonatan Shemmer, Doctor, University of Sheffield

 

Minna Shkul, Senior University Teacher in Feminist and Queer Studies, University of Sheffield

 

Eli Shupe, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Texas at Arlington

 

Vlasta Sikimić, Researcher and Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Tübingen

 

Mona Simion, Professor of Philosophy, University of Glasgow

 

Virginie Simoneau-Gilbert, doctorante en philosophie, University of Oxford

 

Peter Singer, Professor of BioEthics, Princeton University

 

Doran Smolkin, Doctor of Philosophy, Kwantlen Polytechnic University

 

Diana Soeira, Researcher in Philosophy & Economics and Public Policy, ISCTE-University Institute of Lisbon, Portugal

 

Ayhan Sol, Professor, Middle East Technical University, Turkey

 

John Sorenson, Professor, Brock University

 

Friderike Spang, Senior Researcher in Political Theory, University of Lausanne

 

Simon Springer, Professor of Human Geography, University of Newcastle

 

Susanne Sreedhar, Professor of Philosophy, Boston University

 

Gary Steiner, Professor of Philosophy emeritus, Bucknell University

 

Christian Straßer, Professor, Ruhr University Bochum

 

Robert Streiffer, Professor of Philosophy and Bioethics, University of Wisconsin-Madison

 

Alison Suen, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Iona University

 

David Svolba, Associate Professor in Philosophy, Fitchburg State University

 

Jac. Swart, Researcher, University of Groningen

 

Zeynep Talay Turner, Professor, Istanbul Bilgi University

 

Agnes Tam, Assistant Professor in Philosophy, University of Calgary

 

Robert Tappan, Associate Professor of Religious Studies, Towson University

 

Christine Tappolet, professeure, Université de Montréal

 

Aleksy Tarasenko-Struc, Clinical Ethics Fellow, Alden March BioEthics Institute, Albany Medical College

 

Angus Taylor, PhD, retired, University of Victoria

 

Larry Temkin, Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, Rutgers University

 

Camille Ternier, chercheuse postdoctorale en philosophie politique et économique, Université de Montréal, Centre de recherche en éthique de Montréal

 

Areti Theofilopoulou, Researcher Fellow, Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences

 

Evan Thomas, Researcher in Ethics, Ohio State University

 

Natalie Thomas, Adjunct Faculty, Philosophy and Fellow, Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics, University of Guelph

 

Kramer Thompson, PhD Candidate, The Australian National University

 

Travis Timmerman, Associate Professor, and Chair of the Philosophy Department, Seton Hall University

 

Oxana Timofeeva, Professor in Philosophy, European University at St. Petersburg

 

Inken Titz, Researcher in AI Ethics, Ruhr-Universität Bochum

 

Zorana Todorovic, Researcher in Animal Studies, University of Belgrade

 

Fiorella Tomassini, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Groningen

 

Mikel Torres, Adjunct Lecturer, University of the Basque Country (UPV / EHU)

 

Ioannis Trisokkas, Assistant Professor, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

 

Jens Tuider, Ethicist, Independent

 

Joseph Tuminello, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, McNeese State University

 

Carla Turner, Philosopher of animal Ethics, University of Pretoria, South Africa

 

Gabriela Tymowski, Researcher in Animal Ethics, University of New Brunswick

 

Peter Unger, Professor of Philosophy, New York University

 

Peter Vallentyne, Professor, University of Missouri

 

Kenneth Valpey, Researcher in Animal Ethics, Oxford Centre for Hindu Studies

 

Emnée Van Den Brandeler, PhD Candidate, University of Basel

 

Willem van der Deijl, Assistant Professor, Tilburg University

 

Marie Van Loon, Research in epistemology, University of Zurich

 

Pekka Vayrynen, Professor of Moral Philosophy, University of Leeds

 

Angélica Velasco, Senior Lecturer in Moral and Political Philosophy, University of Valladolid, Spain

 

Samantha Vice, Distinguished Professor in Philosophy, University of the Witwatersrand

 

Elly Vintiadis, Associate Lecturer in Philosophy, The American College of Greece

 

Tatjana Višak, Researcher Animal Ethics, University of Mannheim

 

Kristin Voigt, Associate Professor, McGill University

 

Ilias Voiron, PhD Student in Philosophy and Environmental Humanities, Jean-Moulin Lyon 3 University & University of Fribourg

 

Rose Mary Volbrecht, Professor of Ethics Emeritus, Gonzaga University

 

Anabel von der Osten-Sacken, PhD Student in Animal Studies, Universität Hamburg

 

Kocku Von Stuckrad, Professor of Religious Studies, University of Groningen

 

Kirstin Waldkoenig, Doctoral Student and Environmental Ethicist, University of Oregon

 

Lisa Warden, Researcher, Animals & Society Research Initiative, University of Victoria

 

Kari Weil, professeur de lettres, Wesleyan University

 

Jennifer Welchman, Professor of Philosophy, University of Alberta

 

Daniel Weltman, Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, Ashoka University, India

 

Michelle Westerlaken, Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Cambridge (UK)

 

Monique Whitaker, Lecturer in Philosophy, University of KwaZulu-Natal

 

Markus Wild, Professor of Philosophy, University of Basel

 

Cynthia Willett, Professor, Emory University

 

Sean Winkler, Lecturer of Philosophy, Loyola Marymount University / University of Redlands

 

Jason M. Wirth, Professor of Philosophy, Seattle University

 

Matthew Wiseman, PhD Student, University of Southern California

 

Daniel Wodak, Associate Professor of Philosophy and of Law, University of Pennsylvania

 

Alex Wolf-Root, Visiting Assistant Professor, The Ohio State University

 

Matthew Wray Perry, PhD Student in Animal Rights, The University of Manchester

 

Laura Wright, Professor of English & Founder of the field of Vegan Studies, Western Carolina University

 

Ewa Wyrębska-Đermanović, Researcher in Political Philosophy, University of Bonn

 

Roger Yates, Lecturer in Sociology, University College of Dublin

 

Jay Zameska, Junior Research Fellow, University of Tartu, Estonia

 

Tzachi Zamir, Professor, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

 

Sarah Zanaz, doctorante en philosophie, Université de Strasbourg

 

Miriam A. Zemanova, Research Associate, University of Fribourg, Switzerland

 

Rafael Ziegler, Associate Professor, HEC Montréal

 

Anna C. Zielinska, maîtresse de conférences en philosophie morale, juridique et politique, Université de Lorraine à Nancy

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